Effect of ZrSiO4 particles on the wear properties of as-cast Al matrix particulate composites fabricated via various casting routes

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran


This study deals with the effects of ZrSiO4 particles addition on the abrasive wear behavior of aluminum based metal matrix composites. The Al-A356/5 vol% ZrSiO4 specimens were prepared by the injection of particles in the as-received form or Al-ZrSiO4 milled composite powder. The injection of composite powder caused remarkable improvement in ZrSiO4 distribution within the Al-356 matrix alloy. The composites were fabricated by two different routes: semisolid-liquid state (SL) and liquid-liquid state (LL). According to the results, a better distribution of reinforcing particles was observed when the stirring was conducted in the semisolid state. Based on the wear test results, the composite with ball-milled Al-ZrSiO4 particles (A356/(Al-ZrSiO4)cp ) processed in the SL state exhibited the highest wear resistance in terms of wear rate and friction coefficient. The worn surfaces of specimens were examined to identify the possible mechanisms.

Graphical Abstract

Effect of ZrSiO4 particles on the wear properties of as-cast Al matrix particulate composites fabricated via various casting routes


  • Al-A356/ZrSiO4 composites were fabricated by two different routes.
  • The distribution of particles was improved within the matrix in the semisolid state.
  • The wear properties were enhanced in the A356/(Al-ZrSiO4)cp-SL specimen.


[1] H. Khosravi, H. Bakhshi, E. Salahineja, Effects of compocasting process parameters on microstructural characteristics and tensile properties of A356-SiCp composites, T. Nonferr. Metal. Soc. 24 (2014) 2482-2488.
[2] K. Kalaiselvan, N. Murugan, S. Parameswaran, Production and characterization of AA6061-B4C stir cast composite, Mater. Design. 32 (2011) 4004-4009.
[3] S.A. Sajjadi, H.R. Ezatpour, H. Beygi, Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Al2O3 micro and nanocomposites fabricated by stir casting, Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. 528 (2011) 8765-8771.
[4] S. Gopalakrishnan, N. Murugan, Production and wear characterization of AA 6061 matrix titanium carbide particulate reinforced composite by enhanced stir casting method, Compos. Part B-Eng. 43 (2012) 302-308.
[5] S. Das, S. Das, K. Das, Abrasive wear of zircon sand and alumina reinforced Al-4.5 wt% Cu alloy matrix composites - A comparative study, Compos. Sci. Technol. 67 (2007) 746-751.
[6] M. Madhusudhan, G.J. Naveen, K. Mahesha, Mechanical characterization of AA7068-ZrO2 reinforced metal matrix composites, Mater. Today-Proc. 4 (2017) 3122-3130.
[7] A. Baradeswaran, A. Elaya Perumal, Study on mechanical and wear properties of Al 7075/Al2O3/graphite hybrid composites, Compos. Part B-Eng. 56 (2014) 464-471.
[8] H. Abdizadeh, H.R. Baharvandi, K.S. Moghaddam, Comparing the effect of processing temperature on microstructure and mechanical behavior of (ZrSiO4 or TiB2)/aluminum composites, Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct 498 (2008) 53-58.
[9] H. Beygi, M. Shaterian, E. Tohidlou, M.R. Rahimipour, Development in wear resistance of Fe-0.7Cr-0.8Mn milling balls through in situ reinforcing with low weight percent TiC, Adv. Mat. Res. 413 (2011) 262-269.
[10] H. Khosravi, F. Akhlaghi, Comparison of microstructure and wear resistance of A356-SiCp composites processed via compocasting and vibrating cooling slope, T. Nonferr. Metal. Soc. 25 (2015) 2490-2498.
[11] B. Abbasipour, B. Niroumand, S.M. Monir Vaghefi, Compocasting of A356-CNT composite, T. Nonferr. Metal. Soc. 20 (2010) 1561-1566.
[12] H. Abdizadeh, M. Ashuri, P.T. Moghadam, A. Nouribahadory, H.R. Baharvandi, Improvement in physical and mechanical properties of aluminum/zircon composites fabricated by powder metallurgy method, Mater. Design. 32 (2011) 4417-4423.
[13] S. Amirkhanlou, B. Niroumand, Fabrication and characterization of Al356/SiCp semisolid composites by injecting SiCp containing composite powders, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 12 (2012) 841-847.
[14] S. Tahamtan, A. Halvaee, M. Emamy, M.S. Zabihi, Fabrication of Al/A206-Al2O3 nano/micro composite by combining ball milling and stir casting technology, Mater. Design. 49 (2013) 347-359.