Iranian natural zeolite particle modification: Green synthesis, characterization, and oil spill remediation

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Chemical Technologies, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In the present work, Iranian natural zeolite particles (NZ) as an abundant and low-cost resource were modified by chemical covalent attachments of commercially available stearic acid (SA) with tunable hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties. The versatile, simple, and green technique of mechanogriding was performed for the hydrophobic derivatisation of NZ. The NZ and as-prepared modified particles were thoroughly characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Barret-Joyner-Halenda (BJH), and static water contact angle (WCA) measurements. TG-DTA results revealed the high thermal stability of the modified sample up to 490°C. The flake-like structures of functionalized NZ were discrete and no longer aggregated due to modification. The absorbing function of the modified NZ was evaluated by its removal of oil from a stable crude oil emulsion in water.

Graphical Abstract

Iranian natural zeolite particle modification: Green synthesis, characterization, and oil spill remediation

Highlights

  • Iranian NZ was mainly comprising of clinoptiolite and cristobalite framework
  • Solventless synthesis with stearic acid was employed for the NZ modification.
  • Composite particles were produced with tunable hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties.
  • The modified particles showed some oil removal properties.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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