Interpreting the effect of operating variable, seed, and impurity on the induction time of silver nanoparticles precipitation by cluster coagulation models

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Jomhoori Blvd., Kerman, Iran

Abstract

This paper reports the effect of temperature, presence of impurity (Fe3+), and crystal seed on the induction time of silver nanoparticles. In this study, Ag precipitation was achieved by solution reduction and the experimental induction time was measured by monitoring the absorption of the solution after creation of supersaturation. Experimental induction time was compared to the cluster coagulation models (the Smoluchowski model and its’ variation cluster coagulation model) and the conclusion is that the conventional Smoluchowski coagulation model works better than the modified version.

Graphical Abstract

Interpreting the effect of operating variable, seed, and impurity on the induction time of silver nanoparticles precipitation by cluster coagulation models

Highlights

  • The effects of temperature, impurity (Fe3+) and crystal seed on the induction time of silver nanoparticles is investigated.
  • Experimental induction time was compared to the cluster coagulation models.
  • The presence of Fe3+ prolongs the induction time.
  • The Cluster model is overly simplified and does not properly model precipitation process.

Keywords


[1] W. Beckmann, Crystallization: Basic Concepts and Industrial Applications, Wiley-VCH; 2013.

[2] S. Prabhu, E.K. Poulose, Silver nanoparticles: Mechanism of antimicrobial action, synthesis, medical applications, and toxicity effects, Int. Nano Lett. 2 (2012) 32-36.

[3] P.E.J. Saloga, C. Kästner, A.F. Thünemann, High-speed but not magic: Microwave-assisted synthesis of ultra-small silver nanoparticles, Langmuir, 34 (2018) 147-153.

[4] Ö. Karhan, Ö.B. Ceran, O.N. Şara, B. Şimşek, Response surface methodology based desirability function approach to investigate optimal mixture ratio of silver nanoparticles synthesis process, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56 (2017) 8180-8189.

[5] X.-W. Han, X.-Zh. Meng , J. Zhang, Ji.-X. Wang, H.-F. Huang, X.-F.,Zeng, J.-F. Chen, Ultrafast synthesis of silver nanoparticle decorated graphene oxide by a rotating packed bed reactor, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 55 (2016) 11622-11630.

[6] G. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Gao, Y. Chen, Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and antibacterial property of silk fabrics treated by silver nanoparticles, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 9 (2014) 216-220.

[7] C.Y. Tai, W.C. Chein, J.P. Hsu, Induction period of CaCO3 interpreted by the Smoluchowski''''''''s coagulation theory, AIChE J. 51 (2005) 480-486.

[8] R.Y. Qian, G.D. Botsaris, A new mechanism for nuclei formation in suspension crystallizers: the role of interparticle forces, Chem. Eng. Sci. 52 (1997) 3429-3440.

[9] S. Das, J. Das, A. Samadder, S.S. Bhattacharyya, D. Das, A.R. Khuda-Bukhsh, Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles by ethanolic extracts of Phytolacca decandra, Gelsemium sempervirens, Hydrastis canadensis and Thuja occidentalis induce differential cytotoxicity through G2/M arrest in A375 cells, Colloid Surface B, 101 (2013) 325-336.

[10] C.Y. Tai, W.C. Chein, Interpreting the effects of operating variables on the induction period of CaCl2-Na2CO3 system by a cluster coagulation model, J. Chem. Eng. Sci., 58, (2003), 3233-3241.

[11] H. Zhang, J.A. Smith, V. Oyanedel-Craver, The effect of natural water conditions on the anti-bacterial performance and stability of silver nanoparticles capped with different polymers, Water Res. 146 (2012) 691-699.

[12] P. Mulvaney, Surface Plasmon Spectroscopy of Nanosized Metal Particles, Langmuir, 12 (1996) 788-800.

[13] L. Sintubin, W. De-Windt, J. Dick, J. Mast, D. van der Ha, W. Verstraete, N. Boon, Lactic acid bacteria as reducing and capping agent for the fast and efficient production of silver nanoparticles, Appl. Microbiol. Biot. 84 (2009) 741-749.

[14] M.M. Reddy, A. Hoch, Calcite Crystal Growth Rate Inhibition by Polycarboxylic Acids, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 235 (2001) 365-370.

[15] K.V. Rajendran, R. Rajasekaran, D. Jayarman, Experimental determination of metastable zonewidth, induction period, interfacial energy and growth of non-linear optical l-HFB single crystals, Mater. Chem. Phys. 81 (2002) 50-55.